Biodiversity and sustainability
An estate with zero emissions of carbon dioxide
Respect for the territory is at the core of our company philosophy and this is achieved by using renewable energy sources which result in zero emissions of carbon dioxide. Il Borro, in fact, produces more energy than it uses with solar panels which provide energy for the cellars, for the accommodations, the restaurants and offices and amounts to a saving of 930 tons of Co2 per year; this is the equivalent of driving around the world by car 225 times or of an absorption of Co2 of 77,500 trees in one year.
The Environment and Innovation
A further step towards complete energy autonomy was possible with “zero bill” houses: these are efficient structures which afford a great savings since they operate exclusively with renewable energy. Some of these structures have also been provided with a sophisticated system that recovers rain water which is then directed to special tanks during the rainy season and used later to irrigate the gardens. The roof of the Tabaccaia, a typical building used to house agricultural equipment is equipped with a water recovery system which is used for all vineyard treatments.
Organic and biodynamic agriculture
Cultivation of the land at Il Borro is achieved according to the principles of organic agriculture and by applying some biodynamic practices which replace chemical products with natural methods such as using cow horn manure, herbal infusions, green manure and specifically chosen fertilization methods and integrated treatments for parasites. From the biodynamic point of view, beginning with Il Borro’s fertilization in autumn the only manure that is used comes the Estate’s Chianina cows. Then dry pruning is carried out according to the lunar phases and is done during the descending moon phase when the liquids and lymph found inside the plant suffers less from the influence of lunar attraction. In keeping with the vegetative cycle, phytosanitary treatments begin after the budding phase. These are achieved with biodynamic methods that use preparations 500 (cow horn manure) and 501 (horn silica) and organic methods involving phytohormone-based sexual confusion which acts against moths, and copper and sulfur for protection against powdery mildew and downy mildew. In addition the green practices that are followed play an essential role in plant protection.
Good sustainability practices
Moving from the vineyard to the cellar, tanks are not washed with detergents but with high pressure jets of water. Good practices have been adopted even in the catering sector in order to limit the environmental impact: at the Osteria del Borro, the restaurant located in the Estate’s heart, chemical products are not used to the clean the premises. Rather, as of 2015 hygiene is achieved with an innovative ozone sanification plant. The Osteria del Borro was one of the very first restaurants to use this method.
The love for nature is also expressed by respecting the animals that live on our estate: our horses, the chickens and the Chianina cows. The latter are essential for the production of the material required for biodynamic methods such as cow horn manure and horn silica. All our animals are fed with fodder and organic feed produced on the estate itself.
In favor of biodiversity
Beekeeping plays a major role in the estate’s philosophy which after all is fundamental for all daily activities, for the environment and for the eco system in general. Protection of pollinating insects is essential since they play an important role in the pollination of a vast range of crops and wild plants. And this is the very reason why il Borro is a beekeeper. Queen bees, drones and worker bees colonize the natural organic reserve on the estate with its 30 beehives. The 1100 organic hectares, where the beehives are located, make it possible to produce totally organic honey which further characterizes the territory.